Fabricating colloidal crystals and construction of ordered nanostructures

  • Zhiqiang Sun1 and

    Affiliated with

    • Bai Yang1Email author

      Affiliated with

      Nanoscale Research Letters20061:46

      DOI: 10.1007/s11671-006-9008-6

      Published: 28 July 2006

      Abstract

      Colloidal crystals of polymeric or inorganic microspheres are of extensive interest due to their potential applications in such as sensing, optics, photonic bandgap and surface patterning. The article highlights a set of approaches developed in our group, which are efficient to prepare colloidal crystals with ordered voids, patterned colloidal crystals on non-planar surfaces, heterogeneous colloidal crystals of different building blocks, colloidal crystals composed of non-spherical polyhedrons, and colloidal crystals of non-close-packed colloidal microspheres in particular. The use of these colloidal crystals as templates for different microstructures range from nanoscale to micron-scale is also summarized.

      Keywords

      Colloidal crystal Nanostructure Surface patterning

      [169]

      Declarations

      Acknowledgments

      This work is supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 90401020, 20534040 & 200340062) and the program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (No. IRT0422).

      Authors’ Affiliations

      (1)
      Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials, College of Chemistry, Jilin University

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