Open Access

Developing 1D nanostructure arrays for future nanophotonics

  • Harry E. Ruda1Email author,
  • John C. Polanyi2,
  • Jody S.Y. Yang2,
  • Zhanghua Wu1,
  • Usha Philipose1,
  • Tao Xu1,
  • Susan Yang1,
  • K.L. Kavanagh3,
  • J.Q. Liu3,
  • L. Yang3,
  • Y. Wang3,
  • Kevin Robbie4,
  • J. Yang4,
  • K. Kaminska4,
  • D.G. Cooke5,
  • F.A. Hegmann5,
  • A.J. Budz6 and
  • H.K. Haugen6, 7
Nanoscale Research Letters20061:99

DOI: 10.1007/s11671-006-9016-6

Published: 26 August 2006

Abstract

There is intense and growing interest in one-dimensional (1-D) nanostructures from the perspective of their synthesis and unique properties, especially with respect to their excellent optical response and an ability to form heterostructures. This review discusses alternative approaches to preparation and organization of such structures, and their potential properties. In particular, molecular-scale printing is highlighted as a method for creating organized pre-cursor structure for locating nanowires, as well as vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) templated growth using nano-channel alumina (NCA), and deposition of 1-D structures with glancing angle deposition (GLAD). As regards novel optical properties, we discuss as an example, finite size photonic crystal cavity structures formed from such nanostructure arrays possessing highQ and small mode volume, and being ideal for developing future nanolasers.

Keywords

Nanostructures Nanophotonics Vapour–liquid–solid (VLS) growth Glancing angle deposition Molecular scale imprinting Nanowire photonic crystals

[1129]

Declarations

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from CIPI and NSERC.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Centre for Nanotechnology, University of Toronto
(2)
Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto
(3)
Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University
(4)
Department of Physics, Queen’s University
(5)
Department of Physics, University of Alberta
(6)
Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University
(7)
Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University

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