Open Access

Electrochemical properties of double wall carbon nanotube electrodes

Nanoscale Research Letters20072:87

DOI: 10.1007/s11671-006-9035-3

Received: 14 November 2006

Accepted: 15 December 2006

Published: 24 January 2007

Abstract

Electrochemical properties of double wall carbon nanotubes (DWNT) were assessed and compared to their single wall (SWNT) counterparts. The double and single wall carbon nanotube materials were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and electrochemistry. The electrochemical behavior of DWNT film electrodes was characterized by using cyclic voltammetry of ferricyanide and NADH. It is shown that while both DWNT and SWNT were significantly functionalized with oxygen containing groups, double wall carbon nanotube film electrodes show a fast electron transfer and substantial decrease of overpotential of NADH when compared to the same way treated single wall carbon nanotubes.

Keywords

Double wall carbon nanotube Single wall carbon nanotube Electrochemistry Cyclic voltammetry NADH

[128]

(See supplementary material 1)

Declarations

Acknowledgment

M. P. was supported by the Japanese Ministry for Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) through ICYS program. Author is grateful to Dr. Roberto Scipioni (ICYS, NIMS, Japan) for valuable discussions.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
ICYS, National Institute for Materials Science

References

  1. Iijima S: Nature. 1991, 354: 56. COI number [1:CAS:528:DyaK38Xmt1Ojtg%3D%3D], 10.1038/354056a0View Article
  2. Iijima S, Ichihashi T: Nature. 1993, 363: 603. COI number [1:CAS:528:DyaK3sXltVOrs7o%3D], 10.1038/363603a0View Article
  3. Ajayan P M: Chem. Rev.. 1999, 99: 1787. COI number [1:CAS:528:DyaK1MXislyjsLs%3D], 10.1021/cr970102gView Article
  4. Wang J: Electroanal. 2005, 17: 7. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXht1Cis7k%3D], 10.1002/elan.200403113View Article
  5. Gooding JJ: Electrochim. Acta. 2005, 50: 3049. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXjvVCrs7w%3D], 10.1016/j.electacta.2004.08.052View Article
  6. M. Pumera, S. Sanchez, I. Ichinose, J. Tang, Sensors Actuators B, in press, doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2006.11.016
  7. Merkoci A, Pumera M, Llopis X, Perez B, del Valle M, Alegret S: Trends Anal. Chem.. 2005, 24: 826. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXhtFWqtrvJ], 10.1016/j.trac.2005.03.019View Article
  8. Pumera M, Merkoci A, Alegret S: Sens. Actuators B. 2006, 113: 617. 10.1016/j.snb.2005.07.010View Article
  9. Perez B, Pumera M, del Valle M, Merkoci A, Alegret S: J. Nanosci. Nanotech.. 2005, 5: 1694. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXhtVCgtLbF], 10.1166/jnn.2005.400View Article
  10. Li J, Cassell A, Delzeit L, Han J, Meyyappan M: J. Phys. Chem. B. 2002, 106: 9299. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XmtFSrtrs%3D], 10.1021/jp021201nView Article
  11. Musameh M, Wang J, Merkoci A, Lin Y: Electrochem. Commun.. 2002, 4: 743. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XnsVans70%3D], 10.1016/S1388-2481(02)00451-4View Article
  12. Moore RR, Banks CE, Compton RG: Anal. Chem.. 2004, 76: 2677. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXjt1ajsbg%3D], 10.1021/ac040017qView Article
  13. Lawrence NS, Deo RP, Wang J: Electroanal. 2005, 17: 65. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXht1CisLo%3D], 10.1002/elan.200403120View Article
  14. Banks CE, Moore RR, Davies TJ, Compton RG: Chem. Commun.. 2004, 16: 1804. 10.1039/b406174hView Article
  15. Lawrence NS, Deo RP, Wang J: Electrochem. Commun.. 2004, 6: 176. 10.1016/j.elecom.2003.11.010View Article
  16. Pumera M, Llopis X, Merkoci A, Alegret S: Microchim. Acta. 2006, 152: 261. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXhtlCiur7M], 10.1007/s00604-005-0438-0View Article
  17. Endo M, Hayashi T, Muramatsu H, Kim Y-A, Terrones H, Terrones M, Dresselhaus M S: Nano Lett.. 2004, 4: 1451. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXlsFelsrg%3D], 10.1021/nl0492483View Article
  18. Flahaut E, Peigney A, Laurent C: J. Nanosci. Nanotech.. 2003, 3: 151. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3sXkvFCks7s%3D], 10.1166/jnn.2003.177View Article
  19. Wang S, Grifoni M: Phys. Rev. Lett.. 2005, 95: 266802. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.266802View Article
  20. Ren W, Li F, Chen J, Bai S, Cheng H-M: Chem. Phys. Lett.. 2002, 359: 196. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XksVemt7Y%3D], 10.1016/S0009-2614(02)00686-3View Article
  21. Gomathi A, Vivekchand SRC, Govindaraj A, Rao CNR: Adv. Mater.. 2005, 17: 2757. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXht1ygt73O], 10.1002/adma.200500539View Article
  22. Kordas K, Mustonen T, Toth G, Jantunen H, Lajunen M, Soldano C, Talapatra S, Kar S, Vajtai R, Ajayan PM: Small. 2006, 2: 1021. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XosVegsro%3D], 10.1002/smll.200600061View Article
  23. Yu X, Munge B, Patel V, Jensen G, Bhirde A, Gong JD, Kim SN, Gillespie J, Gutkind JS, Papadimitrakopoulos F, Rusling JF: J. Am. Chem. Soc.. 2006, 128: 11199 . COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XnvVClsrY%3D], 10.1021/ja062117eView Article
  24. A.J. Bard, L.R. Faulkner, Electrochemical Methods: Fundamentals and Applications, Chapter 1, (Wiley, 2000)
  25. Valentini F, Amine A, Orlanducci S, Terranova ML, Palleschi G: Anal. Chem.. 2003, 75: 5413 . COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3sXnt1Ohtb4%3D], 10.1021/ac0300237View Article
  26. H.B. White, in The Pyridine Nucleotide Cofactors, ed. by J. Everse, B. Anderson, K.-S. You (Academic Press, New York, 1982), pp. 1-17
  27. Chenault HK, Whitesides GM: Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.. 1987, 14: 147. COI number [1:CAS:528:DyaL2sXlsFaksrg%3D]View Article
  28. Banks CE, Compton RG: Analyst. 2005, 130: 1232 . COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXntlehtrk%3D], 10.1039/b508702cView Article

Copyright

© to the authors 2007