Open Access

Tunable self-assembly of one-dimensional nanostructures with orthogonal directions

  • Milan P. Allan1,
  • Simon Berner1,
  • Martina Corso1,
  • Thomas Greber1 and
  • Jürg Osterwalder1Email author
Nanoscale Research Letters20072:94

DOI: 10.1007/s11671-006-9036-2

Received: 27 October 2006

Accepted: 19 December 2006

Published: 26 January 2007


High-temperature exposure of a Mo(110) surface to borazine (HBNH)3leads to the formation of two distinctly different self-assembling nanostructures. Depending on the substrate temperature during preparation, either well-aligned, ultra-thin boron nanowires or a single-layer stripe structure of hexagonal boron nitride forms. Both structures show one-dimensional (1D) characteristics, but in directions perpendicular to each other. It is also possible to grow the two phases in coexistence. The relative weights are controlled by the sample temperature during preparation.


Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) Boron One-dimensional nanostructures Nanowire Photoemission Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) Low energy electron diffraction (LEED)




The authors would like to thank Martin Klöckner and Erwin Fischer (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich) for technical support, Hermann Sachdev (Universität des Saarlandes) for the production of borazine, and Martin Morscher, Matthias Hengsberger, Anna Tamai and Jörg Kröger (Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel) for fruitful discussions. This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) and by the European Union’s Sixth Framework Programme via the NanoMesh project (NMP4-CT-2004–013817).

Authors’ Affiliations

Physik-Institut, Universität Zürich


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© to the authors 2007