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Fabricating colloidal crystals and construction of ordered nanostructures

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Abstract

Colloidal crystals of polymeric or inorganic microspheres are of extensive interest due to their potential applications in such as sensing, optics, photonic bandgap and surface patterning. The article highlights a set of approaches developed in our group, which are efficient to prepare colloidal crystals with ordered voids, patterned colloidal crystals on non-planar surfaces, heterogeneous colloidal crystals of different building blocks, colloidal crystals composed of non-spherical polyhedrons, and colloidal crystals of non-close-packed colloidal microspheres in particular. The use of these colloidal crystals as templates for different microstructures range from nanoscale to micron-scale is also summarized.

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Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 90401020, 20534040 & 200340062) and the program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (No. IRT0422).

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Correspondence to Bai Yang.

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Keywords

  • Colloidal crystal
  • Nanostructure
  • Surface patterning