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Developing 1D nanostructure arrays for future nanophotonics

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Abstract

There is intense and growing interest in one-dimensional (1-D) nanostructures from the perspective of their synthesis and unique properties, especially with respect to their excellent optical response and an ability to form heterostructures. This review discusses alternative approaches to preparation and organization of such structures, and their potential properties. In particular, molecular-scale printing is highlighted as a method for creating organized pre-cursor structure for locating nanowires, as well as vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) templated growth using nano-channel alumina (NCA), and deposition of 1-D structures with glancing angle deposition (GLAD). As regards novel optical properties, we discuss as an example, finite size photonic crystal cavity structures formed from such nanostructure arrays possessing highQ and small mode volume, and being ideal for developing future nanolasers.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from CIPI and NSERC.

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Correspondence to Harry E. Ruda.

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Keywords

  • Nanostructures
  • Nanophotonics
  • Vapour–liquid–solid (VLS) growth
  • Glancing angle
  • deposition
  • Molecular scale imprinting
  • Nanowire photonic crystals