Skip to main content

Advertisement

A solution blending route to ethylene propylene diene terpolymer/layered double hydroxide nanocomposites

Article metrics

  • 1923 Accesses

  • 26 Citations

Abstract

Ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM)/MgAl layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanocomposites have been synthesized by solution intercalation using organically modified LDH (DS-LDH). The molecular level dispersion of LDH nanolayers has been verified by the disappearance of basal XRD peak of DS-LDH in the composites. The internal structures, of the nanocomposite with the dispersion nature of LDH particles in EPDM matrix have been studied by TEM and AFM. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) shows thermal stability of nanocomposites improved by ≈40 °C when 10% weight loss was selected as point of comparison. The degradation for pure EPDM is faster above 380 °C while in case of its nanocomposites, it is much slower.

[119]

References

  1. 1.

    Cavani F, Trifiro’ F, Vaccari A: Catal. Today. 1991, 11: 197. 10.1016/0920-5861(91)80068-K

  2. 2.

    V. Rives (ed.), Layered double hydroxides: present and future. (Nova science publishers, 2001)

  3. 3.

    Leroux F, Besse J: Chem. Mater.. 2001, 13: 3507. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3MXmvVKjtr0%3D], 10.1021/cm0110268

  4. 4.

    Newman SP, Jones W: New. J. Chem.. 1998, 22: 105. COI number [1:CAS:528:DyaK1cXhslait7g%3D], 10.1039/a708319j

  5. 5.

    Meneghetti P, Qutubuddin S: Thermochim. Acta. 2006, 442: 74. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XisFOmurs%3D], 10.1016/j.tca.2006.01.017

  6. 6.

    Wang GA, Wang CC, Chen CY: Polymer. 2005, 46: 5065. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXltFSltb0%3D], 10.1016/j.polymer.2005.04.054

  7. 7.

    Srivastava SK, Pramanik M, Acharya H: J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys.. 2006, 44: 471. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XotFWqsA%3D%3D], 10.1002/polb.20702

  8. 8.

    Wang D, Wilkie CA: J. Vinyl Additive Technol.. 2004, 8: 238. 10.1002/vnl.10369

  9. 9.

    M. Adachi-Pagano, C. Forano, J.P. Besse, Chem. Commun. 91 (2000)

  10. 10.

    S. O’Leary, D. O’Hare, G. Seeley, Chem. Commun. 1506 (2002)

  11. 11.

    Liu ZH, Yang XY, Makita Y, Ooi K: Chem. Mater.. 2002, 14: 4800. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XotVegtbk%3D], 10.1021/cm020652h

  12. 12.

    Usuki A, Tukigase A, Kato M: Polymer. 2002, 43: 2185. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XhtFGrs78%3D], 10.1016/S0032-3861(02)00013-7

  13. 13.

    Acharya H, Pramanik M, Srivastava SK, Bhowmick AK: J. Appl. Polym. Sci.. 2004, 93: 2429. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXmtlGhsb0%3D], 10.1002/app.20774

  14. 14.

    K. Chibwe, W. Jones, Chem. Commun. 926 (1989)

  15. 15.

    Sundell S: Acta Chem. Scand. A. 1977, 31: 799. 10.3891/acta.chem.scand.31a-0799

  16. 16.

    Wilson OC, Olorunyolemi T, Jaworski A, Borum L, Young D, Siriwat A, Dickens E, Oriakhi C, Lerner M: Appl. Clay Sci.. 1999, 15: 265. COI number [1:CAS:528:DyaK1MXkvVersbs%3D], 10.1016/S0169-1317(99)00023-X

  17. 17.

    Costa FR, Abdel-Goad M, Wagenknecht U, Heinrich G: Polymer. 2005, 46: 4447. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXktlCgtr0%3D], 10.1016/j.polymer.2005.02.027

  18. 18.

    Chen W, Feng L, Qu B: Chem. Mater.. 2004, 16: 368. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXksFCgug%3D%3D], 10.1021/cm0303484

  19. 19.

    Lee WD, Im SS, Lim HM, Kim KJ: Polymer. 2006, 47: 1364. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28Xht1Gjt7o%3D], 10.1016/j.polymer.2005.12.056

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Ministry of Human Research and Development (MHRD), India for the financial support.

Author information

Correspondence to S. K. Srivastava.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Acharya, H., Srivastava, S.K. & Bhowmick, A.K. A solution blending route to ethylene propylene diene terpolymer/layered double hydroxide nanocomposites. Nanoscale Res Lett 2, 1 (2007) doi:10.1007/s11671-006-9020-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Layered double hydroxide
  • Nanocomposites
  • Solution blending