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Enhancement of Sm3+emission by SnO2nanocrystals in the silica matrix

Abstract

Silica xerogels containing Sm3+ions and SnO2nanocrystals were prepared in a sol–gel process. The image of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) shows that the SnO2nanocrystals are dispersed in the silica matrix. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) of the sample confirms the tetragonal phase of SnO2. The xerogels containing SnO2nanocrystals and Sm3+ions display the characteristic emission of Sm3+ions (4G5/26H J (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2)) at the excitation of 335 nm which energy corresponds to the energy gap of the SnO2nanocrystals, while no emission of Sm3+ions can be observed for the samples containing Sm3+ions. The enhancement of the Sm3+emission is probably due to the energy transfer from SnO2nanocrystals to Sm3+ions.

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Correspondence to Jin Mu.

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Keywords

  • Sm3+ions
  • Emission
  • Sensibilization
  • SnO2nanocrystals
  • Silica matrix