Skip to main content

Initial susceptibility and viscosity properties of low concentration ε-Fe3N based magnetic fluid

Abstract

In this paper, the initial susceptibility of ε-Fe3N magnetic fluid at volume concentrations in the range Φ = 0.0 0.0446 are measured. Compared with the experimental initial susceptibility, the Langevin, Weiss and Onsager susceptibility were calculated using the data obtained from the low concentration ε-Fe3N magnetic fluid samples. The viscosity of the ε-Fe3N magnetic fluid at the same concentrations is measured. The result shows that, the initial susceptibility of the low concentration ε-Fe3N magnetic fluid is proportional to the concentration. A linear relationship between relative viscosity and the volume fraction is observed when the concentration Φ < 0.02.

[116]

References

  1. Socoliuc V, Bica D, Vékás L: J. Coll. Int. Sci.. 2003, 264: 141. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3sXls1Skt7Y%3D] 10.1016/S0021-9797(03)00426-0

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Bacri JC, Perzynski R, Salin D, Cabuil V, Massart R: J. Coll. Int. Sci.. 1988, 132: 43. 10.1016/0021-9797(89)90214-2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Fannin PC, Scaife BKP, Charles SW: J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.. 1990, 23: 1711. COI number [1:CAS:528:DyaK3MXhtFelsrw%3D] 10.1088/0022-3727/23/12/034

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Viota JL, Rasa M, Sacanna S, Philipse AP: J. Coll. Int. Sci.. 2005, 290: 419. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXpvVWhsbk%3D] 10.1016/j.jcis.2005.04.064

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Rosensweig RE: Ferrohydrodynamics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; 1985:57–59.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Carlos Rinaldi, Arlex Chaves, Shihab Elborai, Xiaowei (Tony) He, Markus Zahn, Curr. Opi. Coll. Int, Sci. 10, 141 (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Blums E, Cebers A, Maiorov MM: Magnetic Fluids. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin; 1997.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Tsebers AO: Magnetohydrodynamics. 1982,18((2):137.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Onsager L: J. Am. Chem. Soc.. 1936, 58: 1486. COI number [1:CAS:528:DyaA28Xlt1Gjuw%3D%3D] 10.1021/ja01299a050

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Rosensweig RE: Ferrohydrodynamics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; 1985:63–67.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Huang Wei, Wu Jianmin, Guo Wei, Li Rong, Cui Liya: J.Magn. Magn. Mater.. 2006, 307: 198. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XpvVOkurs%3D] 10.1016/j.jmmm.2006.03.067

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Chantrell RW, Popplewell J, Charles SW: IEEE Trans. Magn.. 1978, 14: 975. 10.1109/TMAG.1978.1059918

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Robbins M, White JG: J.Phys. Chem. Solids. 1964, 25: 77. 10.1016/0022-3697(64)90182-9

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Lin D, Nunes AC, Majkrzak CF, Berkowitz AE: J.Magn. Magn. Mater.. 1995, 145: 343. COI number [1:CAS:528:DyaK2MXkvFKiu7k%3D] 10.1016/0304-8853(94)01627-5

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Ladislau Vékás, Mircea Rasa, Doina Bica, J. Coll. Int. Sci. 231, 247 (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  16. Huke B, Lücke M: Rep. Prog. Phys.. 2004, 67: 1736. COI number [1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXhtVensbnJ] 10.1088/0034-4885/67/10/R01

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the national 863 project (No: 2002AA302608), from the Ministry of Science and Technology, China.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Wei Huang.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Huang, W., Wu, J., Guo, W. et al. Initial susceptibility and viscosity properties of low concentration ε-Fe3N based magnetic fluid. Nanoscale Res Lett 2, 155 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11671-007-9047-7

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11671-007-9047-7

Keywords

  • Magnetic fluid
  • Nano-material
  • Initial susceptibility
  • Viscosity