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Figure 12 | Nanoscale Research Letters

Figure 12

From: Surface Modification and Planar Defects of Calcium Carbonates by Magnetic Water Treatment

Figure 12

Appendix 2: Schematic drawing of the crystal nucleation and growth mechanism via MWT: (1), enhanced adsorption of mixed cations and anions on the faceted nuclei rotating under an applied magnetic field and fluid flow rate, (2), (hkl)-specific coalescence and ledge growth of the crystallites, (3), anchorage and sedimentation of the crystallites with planar defects on the pipe by magnetohydrodynamic force.

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