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Table 2 Classical models for effective thermal conductivity of mixtures

From: Experimental and theoretical studies of nanofluid thermal conductivity enhancement: a review

Models Expressions Remarks
Maxwell Spherical particles
Hamilton-Crosser n = 3 for spheres n = 6 for cylinders
Jeffrey Spherical particles
Davis High-order terms represent pair interaction of randomly dispersed sphere
Lu-Lin Spherical and non-spherical particles