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Figure 3 | Nanoscale Research Letters

Figure 3

From: Two-phase numerical model for thermal conductivity and convective heat transfer in nanofluids

Figure 3

Distribution of terms in square temperature gradient. Distribution of , Pc 2and negative and positive terms of Pc 3are shown for Cu(100 nm)/DIW nanofluids at (a) Φ = 0.001, (b) Φ = 0.005 and (c) Φ = 0.01. Reprint from S. Kondaraju, E. K. Jin and J. S. Lee, Investigation of heat transfer in turbulent nanofluids using direct numerical simulations, 81, 016304, 2010. "Copyright 2010 by the American Physical Society."

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