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Table 4 Relative gene expression in the heart of chickens treated with different levels of AgNano

From: Silver nanoparticles administered to chicken affect VEGFA and FGF2 gene expression in breast muscle and heart

Gene symbol Treatment ANOVA
  Control 10 ppm AgNano 20 ppm AgNano 10 ppm AgNanoc 20 ppm AgNanoc SEM P value
FGF2 a 0.97 0.85 0.79 0.84 0.69 0.028 0.0443
FGF2 b 1.47 1.32 1.34 1.15 1.31 0.054 0.5839
VEGFA a 0.59 0.68 0.78 0.73 0.61 0.026 0.0888
VEGFA b 0.75 0.93 1.12 0.84 1.14 0.044 0.0027
  1. aNormalised to ACTB; bnormalised to EEF1A2; ceggs were in ovo injected; †,‡different symbols indicate statistically significant differences (P < 0.05). AgNano, nanoparticles of colloidal silver; ANOVA, analysis of variance; SEM, standard error of the mean.