Skip to main content

Table 2 Morphological and biomechanical parameters of differentiated cells detected by AFM

From: The roles of integrin β1 in phenotypic maintenance and dedifferentiation in chondroid cells differentiated from human adipose-derived stem cells

Group Surface average roughness (R a) (nm) Root mean square roughness (R q) (nm) Adhesive force (pN) Young’s modulus (kPa)
ADS 46.700 ± 4.495b 72.450 ± 7.246b 182.326 ± 18.229a 1.597 ± 0.110b
3DD 71.155 ± 7.096a,b 106.448 ± 12.070a,b 200.254 ± 17.138a 2.059 ± 0.179a,b
6DD 72.407 ± 7.621a,b 106.721 ± 13.489a,b 261.688 ± 19.416a,b 2.314 ± 0.207a,b
9DD 85.044 ± 7.170a,b 104.311 ± 11.333a,b 301.049 ± 22.776a,b 2.405 ± 0.213a
12DD 220.847 ± 21.308a,b 300.940 ± 29.248a,b 410.440 ± 28.638a,b 2.711 ± 0.236a
15DD 169.844 ± 16.589a,b 218.186 ± 17.884 a,b 369.682 ± 26.958a,b 2.996 ± 0.233a
18DD 154.426 ± 12.985a,b 180.992 ± 18.232a,b 306.807 ± 23.506a,b 3.090 ± 0.234a
21DD 116.913 ± 12.361a,b 151.729 ± 13.340a,b 181.895 ± 18.648b 3.518 ± 0.381a,b
NC 303.205 ± 29.475a 362.011 ± 35.296a 639.197 ± 47.678a 2.742 ± 0.200a
  1. aCompared with ADS, P < 0.05; bCompared with NC, P < 0.05.