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Table 1 Fabrication method for the antireflective coatings

From: Rapid replication and facile modulation of subwavelength antireflective polymer film using injection nanomolding and optical property of multilayer coatings

Method Characteristics Applications (other than antireflective coatings) References
Micro-replication process (MRP) Capable of creating nano/micro features on substrates of slicon or plastics. By combining three major steps of micro/nanostructure masters, metallic mold electroplating and replication into plastics. Backlight guide plate, grating, micro-mirror arrays, photonic crystals and other micro/nano features [1419]
Roll-to-roll (R2R) printing Capable of creating electronic devices on flexible substrates (plastics or metal foil) Typically includes steps of coatings, printing, laminating, re-reeling, and rewinding processes Organic light emitting diodes (OLED), thin film solar cells, optical brightness enhancement films or organic thin film transistors (OFET) [18, 2127]
Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) By anodizing high-purity aluminum to generate a porous alumina membrane as templates such that a closed-packed hexagonal array of columnar cells can be obtained. Typically, can be categorized as a self-ordering synthesis of nanopores Molecular separation, energy generation and storage, electronics, photonics, sensors (biosensors), drug delivery, and template synthesis [28, 29]