Skip to main content

Table 1 Surface characteristics obtained from AFM images

From: Selective aggregation of PAMAM dendrimer nanocarriers and PAMAM/ZnPc nanodrugs on human atheromatous carotid tissues: a photodynamic therapy for atherosclerosis

  \( \overline{\boldsymbol{Z}}\left(\boldsymbol{nm}\right) \) R a ( nm ) R q ( nm )
1 × 1 μm    
 Healthy 24.91 7.78 9.96
 Atheromatous 49.37 7.87 10.12
 Healthy + PAMAM 8.74 1.62 2.18
 Glass + PAMAM (0.05 M) 3.54 0.53 0.79
 Glass + PAMAM (0.025 M) 1.89 0.20 0.38
2 × 2 μm    
 Healthy 78.92 15.77 20.12
 Atheromatous 56.46 12.90 16.41
 Healthy + PAMAM 41.49 3.65 5.48
 Atheromatous + PAMAM 166.63 17.23 24.09
 Atheromatous + PAMAM + ZnPc 175.17 32.37 41.97
3 × 3 μm    
 Atheromatous 102.26 16.96 21.22
 Atheromatous + PAMAM + ZnPc 280.84 46.62 60.30
5 × 5 μm    
 Healthy 133.98 34.58 43.20
 Atheromatous 166.30 30.81 39.06
 Atheromatous + PAMAM 266.32 50.96 65.86
 Atheromatous + PAMAM + ZnPc 260.82 69.35 87.03
 Glass + PAMAM (0.025 M) 19.23 2.98 6.57
  1. AFM, atomic force microscopy; PAMAM, polyamidoamine; ZnPc, zinc phthalocyanine.