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Table 3 DBP of binary solvent systems and morphologies of fibers electrospun from these systems (\ and − represent no solution prepared and unspinnable, respectively)

From: Electrospinning of Grooved Polystyrene Fibers: Effect of Solvent Systems

Solvent systems DBP (°C) 3:1 2:1 1:1 1:2 1:3
DCM/ACE 16.37 Pores + beads Pores + beads Pores + beads Grooves \
DCM/THF 26.25 Pores + beads Pores + beads Pores + beads Pores + beads Pores + beads
ACE/THF 9.88 Grooves Grooves + beads Grooves + beads Grooves + beads Grooves + beads
DCM/DMF 113.25 Grooves Grooves Grooves Single groove Single groove
ACE/DMF 96.88 Grooves Grooves Grooves Single groove Single groove
THF/DMF 87 Single groove Grooves Grooves Smooth Smooth
DCM/CYCo 115.9 Double grooves Double grooves Double grooves Double grooves Double grooves
ACE/CYCo 99.53 - Double grooves Double grooves Double grooves Double grooves
THF/CYCo 89.65 Double grooves Double grooves Double grooves Double grooves Double grooves
DMF/CYCo 2.65 Smooth fibers Smooth fibers Grooves Grooves Grooves
BuOH/DCM 77.95 \ \ Double grooves Grooves Wrinkles
BuOH/ACE 61.58 \ \ \ \ \
BuOH/THF 51.7 \ \ Grooves Grooves Grooves
BuOH/DMF 35.3 \ \ Rough fibers Rough fibers Rough fibers
BuOH/CYCo 37.95 \ \ Double grooves Smooth fibers + beads Smooth fibers + beads