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Fig. 5 | Nanoscale Research Letters

Fig. 5

From: AMP-Conjugated Quantum Dots: Low Immunotoxicity Both In Vitro and In Vivo

Fig. 5

Analysis of TLR signalling pathway-related gene expression in macrophage J774A.1 incubated with AMP-QDs (100 nM) for 4 h by RT-PCR. a TLRs gene analysis, b NF-κB signalling pathway-related genes detection and c cytokines and chemokine measurement. Error bars represent s.d. (n = 3). *P < 0.05 (two-tailed Student’s t test). Exceeded thresholds of two-fold induction or 0.5-fold suppression were considered as significant variation comparing AMP-QDs and control groups [26]

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