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Table 1 Summary of the different types of nanoparticles with their corresponding size or the resultant thickness films for flame retardant applications as well as the deposition techniques used for a specific type of fabrics

From: Nanomaterials for Functional Textiles and Fibers

Type of fabrics Deposition process Type of nanoparticles
Polyester and cotton/polyester blend Impregnation process Globular octalpropylammonium (POSS) nanoparticles, 2015 [16]
Cotton/polyester blend Pad-dry-cure method Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (an average particle size of 30 nm), 2013 [18]
Polyester Layer-by-layer assembly Silica (SiO2) colloidal nanoparticles (<10 nm average thickness), 2011 [20]
Polyester and cotton/polyester blend Impregnation process Mixture of silica (SiO2) globular (spherical particles with an average size of 150 nm) and hydrotalcite (HT) lamellar nanoparticles, 2012 [21]
Polyamide and polyester Layer-by-layer assembly Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles, thickness film (approx. 500 nm), 2015 [25]
Polyester Layer-by-layer assembly Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) (an average diameter of 9.5 nm and an average length of 1.5 μm), 2012 [26]