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Table 4 Summary of some of the most relevant works classified by applications, indicating the polymer precursors and the loaded active agents for the electrospun nanofibers fabrication

From: Nanomaterials for Functional Textiles and Fibers

Antibacterial applications
Antibacterial agent Polymeric precursor Antibacterial tests
Ag NPs (from AgNO3 reduction) Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA)/cyclodextrin L. plantarum, 2012 [88]
Ag NPs (from aqueous solution) Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) S. aureus and E. coli, 2010 [107]; 2011 [120]
Ag NPs (by seed mediate growth method) Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) S. aureus, K. pneumoniae, and E. coli, 2011 [121]
Ag NPs (in ethanol solution) Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) S. aureus and K. pneumoniae, 2010 [122]
Ag NPs (from AgNO3 reduction) Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and chitosan E. coli, 2012 [126]
Ag NPs (from AgNO3 reduction) Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/regenerated silk fibroin S. aureus and E. coli, 2011 [127]
Ag NPs (from AgNO3 reduction) Poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN) Not tested, 2005, 2003 [123]; [124]. E. coli, 2012 [129]
Ag NPs (from AgNO3 reduction) Nylon 6 B. cereus and E. coli, 2011 [125]
Quaternary ammonium salts Diblock copolymers with polyacrylates S. aureus and E. coli, 2008 [139]
Triclosan Poly(lactic acid) (PLA), cyclodextrin S. aureus and E. coli, 2013 [140]
Chlorhexidine Cellulose acetate E. coli and S. epidermidis, 2008 [138]
Other Applications
Active agent Polymeric precursor Application
Mupirocin (antibiotic) Poly-l-lactic acid Drug release, 2008 [134]
Tetracycline hydrochloride (antibiotic) Poly(lactic acid) (PLA), poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (PEVA); poly(l-lactid-co-ε-caprolactone) Drug release, 2002 [132], 2009 [136]
Fluoroquinolone antibiotics Poly(l-lactide-co-d,l-lactide) and coPLA/poly(ethylene glycol) Drug release, 2012 [133]
Ampicillin (antibiotic) Poly(methyl methacrylate)-nylon 6 Drug release, 2013 [135]
Gentamycin sulfate (antibiotic) Polycaprolactone Drug release, 2006 [137]
Iodines Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) Wound dressing, 2007 [143]
Ag NPs Gelatin; poly(vinyl alcohol) Wound dressing mats, 2007, 2008 [144, 145]
CoS NPs; Ag3PO4 Poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN) Water treatment, photocatalyst, 2013, [114, 146]
CdO, ZnO, TiO2 (photocatalytic) Poly(vinyl alcohol) Water treatment, 2012 [147], 2010 [148]
Collagen; Cell adhesive peptides Poly(L-lactic acid)-co-poly(ε-caprolactone); poly(b,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) Tissue engineering, 2006 [149], 2005 [150]
Hydroxyapatite, PLGA Poly-l-lactic acid; PLGA Tendons/ligaments/bones tissue engineering, 2006 [152], 2007 [153]
Boronic acid NPs Polyamide 6 Flame retardant, 2012 [116], 2014 [157]