Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Results of other fundamental characteristics for NCBNFs from various process parameter configurations

From: Fabrication and Characterization of Nanocarbon-Based Nanofluids by Using an Oxygen–Acetylene Flame Synthesis System

  Experimental data R (%)
Water P1 P2 P3 P4 P1 P2 P3 P4
Average particle size (nm) 207.68 380.52 792.82 255.34
Zeta potential (mV) −22.96 −24.18 −18.32 −26.36
Thermal conductivity (W/m °C) 0.602 0.606 0.622 0.624 0.631 0.68 3.34 3.71 4.85
Density (kg/m3) 997.95 998.09 998.14 998.29 998.26 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.03
pH 7.68 7.64 7.47 7.59 7.47 −0.55 −2.65 −1.11 −2.65
Electrical conductivity (μS/cm) 113.40 148.31 122.14 118.90 114.06 30.79 7.71 4.85 0.58
Specific heat (kJ/kg °C) 4.18 4.17 4.13 4.10 4.10 −0.32 −1.08 −1.91 −1.89
Viscosity (mPa s) 0.90 0.92 0.95 0.99 0.94 2.22 5.56 10.00 4.44