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Table 1 Comparison of the supercapacitor performances based on graphene/conducting polymers composite materials

From: Graphene and Polymer Composites for Supercapacitor Applications: a Review

Years Materials Setup (no. of electrodes) Electrolyte Specific capacitance Capacitance retention Energy/power density ESR Refs
2009 Graphene/PANI 3 1 M H2SO4 408 Fg−1 from CV at a scan rate of 5 mVs−1 84% after 40 cycles NA NA [92]
2009 Graphene/PANI 3 1 M H2SO4 233 Fg−1 NA NA 0.5–11.6 Ω [93]
2010 GO/PANI RGO/PANI 3 1 M H2SO4 GO/PANI: 827 Fg−1 from CV at a scan rate of 1 mVs−1 RGO/PANI: 1129 Fg−1 from CV at a scan rate of 1 mVs−1 GO/PANI: 59% after 1000 cycles RGO/PANI: 84% after 1000 cycles RGO/PANI: 37.9 Wh kg−1 at 141.1 Wkg−1 NA [44]
2010 GO/PANI RGO/PANI 3 2 M H2SO4 320 Fg−1 at 0.1 Ag−1 480 Fg−1 at 0.1 Ag−1 NA (cycling test was only 5 cycles) NA 2 Ω [41]
2010 Graphene/PANI 3 1 M H2SO4 1046 Fg−1 from CV at a scan rate of 1 mVs−1 NA 145 Wh kg−1 at 522 Wkg−1 NA [94]
2012 RGO/PANI 3 NA 361 Fg−1 at 0.3 Ag−1 82% after 1000 cycles NA NA [42]
2013 Graphene/PANI paper 3 1 M H2SO4 763 Fg−1 at 1 Ag−1 82% after 1000 cycles NA 4.1 Ω [72]
2013 RGO/PANI 3 1 M H2SO4 257 Fg−1 at 0.1 Ag−1 98% after 1000 cycles NA 0.5 Ω [95]
2014 GO/PANI 3 0.5 M H2SO4 448 Fg−1 at 0.5 Ag−1 81% after 5000 cycles NA 3.67 Ω [96]
2017 Crumpled graphene/CNT/PANI 2 KOH 456 Fg−1 at 0.1 Ag−1 97% after 1000 cycles 63.3 Wh kg−1 at 100 Wkg−1 ~1.2 Ω [97]
2017 RGO/PANI 2 1 M H2SO4 438.8 Fg−1 at 0.5 Ag−1 76.5% after 2000 cycles NA. NA [98]
2010 Graphene/PPy 2 1 M NaCl 165 Fg−1 at 1 Ag−1 at end of 1000th cycle NA NA NA [99]
2011 GO/PPy 3 2 M H2SO4 417 Fg−1 from CV at a scan rate of 100 mVs−1 267 Fg−1 from CV at a scan rate of 100 mVs−1 90% after 500 cycles 95 Wh kg−1 at 3797 Wkg−1 NA [47]
2012 RGO/PPy 3 NA 249 Fg−1 at 0.3 Ag−1 81% after 1000 cycles NA NA [42]
2012 RGO/PPy 3 1 M H2SO4 420 Fg−1 at 0.1 Ag−1 240 Fg−1 at 5 Ag−1 93% after 200 cycles NA ~2 Ω [100]
2014 RGO/PPy nanowire 3 1 M KCl 728 Fg−1 at 0.5 Ag−1 675 Fg−1 at 2.5 Ag−1 93% after 1000 cycles NA 0.19 Ω [101]
2014 Exfoliated graphene/PPy 3 3 M KCl 351 Fg−1 at 1 Ag−1 91% after 1000 cycles 65.1 Wh kg−1 at 13 Wkg−1 82.4 Wh kg−1 at 650 Wkg−1 ~0.2 Ω [102]
2016 Graphene/PPy nanotubes 3 Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/H2SO4 hydrogel 514 Fg−1 at 0.2 Ag−1 420 Fg−1 at 1 Ag−1 95% after 1500 cycles 21.6 Wh kg−1 at 31.7 Wkg−1 NA [103]
2016 RGO/PPy 2 1 M H2SO4 440 mFcm−2 at 0.5 mAcm−2 71-80% after 5000 cycles 31.3 μWh cm−2 at 1.2 mW cm−2 3.5–5.5 Ω [104]
2016 Sulfonated graphene/PPy 3 1 M KCl 310 Fg−1 at 0.3 Ag−1 71% after 1500 cycles 4.3 Wh kg−1 at 109 Wkg−1 0.6 Ω [105]
2011 Graphene/PEDOT 3 2 M HCl 2 M H2SO4 HCl: 304 Fg−1 from CV at a scan rate of 10 mVs−1 H2SO4: 261 Fg−1 from CV at a scan rate of 10 mVs−1 NA 12 Wh kg−1 at 38 Wkg−1 ~0.4 Ω [53]
2012 RGO/PEDOT 3 NA 108 Fg−1 at 0.3 Ag−1 88% after 1000 cycles NA NA [42]
2013 Graphene/PEDOT 3 1 M H2SO4 270 Fg−1 at 1 Ag−1 93% after 10000 cycles 38.5 Wh kg−1 at 250 Wkg−1 NA [106]
2014 RGO/PEDOT 3 1 M H2SO4 213 Fg−1 at 0.5 Ag−1 87% after 2000 cycles NA <2 Ω [62]
2016 Hallow RGO/PEDOT 2 PVA/H3PO4 gel electrolyte 304.5 mFcm−2 at 0.08 mAcm−2 96% after 10000 cycles 27.1 μWh cm−2 at 66.5 μW cm−2 306.8 Ω [107]
2017 RGO/PEDOT:PSS 2 6 M KOH 367 Fg−1 at 1 Ag−1 80% after 30,000 cycles 50.7 Wh kg−1 at 1014 Wkg−1 1.95 Ω [108]
  1. NA not available