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Table 3 The Curie temperature (T c ), saturation magnetization (M S ), remanent magnetization (M R ), and coercive field (H C ) of the (La1 − xPrx)0.67Ca0.33MnO3 nanoparticles post-annealed at 800 °C with different Pr-doped concentrations (x = 0.1–0.4)

From: Microstructural, Magnetic, and Optical Properties of Pr-Doped Perovskite Manganite La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 Nanoparticles Synthesized via Sol-Gel Process

Sample no. Pr-doped concentration ( X ) Curie temperature T C (°C) M S (emu/g) M R (emu/g) H C (Oe)
B′ 0.1 233 ± 1 81 ± 0.5 16.5 ± 0.1 390 ± 0.5
C′ 0.2 228 ± 1 82 ± 0.5 14.2 ± 0.1 405 ± 0.5
D′ 0.3 180 ± 1 61 ± 0.5 23.0 ± 0.1 585 ± 0.5
E′ 0.4 171 ± 1 60 ± 0.5 15.7 ± 0.1 621 ± 0.5