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Fig. 7 | Nanoscale Research Letters

Fig. 7

From: Evaluating the antimicrobial, apoptotic, and cancer cell gene delivery properties of protein-capped gold nanoparticles synthesized from the edible mycorrhizal fungus Tricholoma crassum

Fig. 7

Effect of the AuNPs on the spore germination of plant pathogenic fungus Alternaria solani; a Spores after treatment with AuNPs (bar = 30 μm). Rows top to bottom: control spores followed by spores treated with different dilutions of AuNPs (15.56 mg/L stock). Columns left to right: increasing time of incubation with AuNPs showing least germination at 6 h incubation with 100% AuNPs. b Spore germination frequency (%) at different concentrations of AuNPs as a function of time of incubation. Asterisks indicate significant differences to control (Student’s t test, P < 0.05). c Average germ tube length at different concentrations of AuNPs as a function of time of incubation. Data represents means ± SE of three replicates. Different letters indicate statistically significant differences among the samples (P < 0.05, Duncan’s multiple range test). Spore germination frequency and the average germ tube length decreased with increasing doses of the AuNPs and increasing incubation period

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