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Table 2 Quantitative results carbon (C), palladium (Pd), and aurum (Au) elements on the surface of the electrocatalysts and binding energy from XPS analysis

From: Nanostructured Pd-Based Electrocatalyst and Membrane Electrode Assembly Behavior in a Passive Direct Glycerol Fuel Cell

Electrocatalysts Weight percentage (%) Atomic percentage (%) Peak binding energy (eV) Peak binding energy (eV)
C Pd Pd5/2 Pd5/2 Pd Au
Au/VGCNF 83.4 16.6 98.8 1.2 84.1
Pd/VGCNF 85.7 14.3 98.15 1.85 335.0
Pd1Au1/VGCNF 80.8 8.8 335.1 335.1 1.2 0.8 335.1 83.9