Skip to main content

Table 3 Selected recent biosensor studies based on graphene and its derivatives

From: An Overview on Recent Progress of Metal Oxide/Graphene/CNTs-Based Nanobiosensors

Nanomaterials and Morphology Types of biosensors LOD Sensitivity Linear detection range Analyte detected Applications References
rGO/Ni/ZnO NRs arrays Electrochemical Amperometric 0,15 µM 2030 µA mM−1 cm−2 0.5 µM–1.11 mM Glucose Clinical applications Mazaheri et al. [108]
GO/MoS2 aerogel Electrochemical 0.29 mM 3.36 µA/mM 2–20 mM Glucose Clinical and nonclinical applications Jeong et al. [109]
Graphene flakes/Ni Electrochemical 1 µM 2213 µA mM−1 cm−2 1–1150 µM Glucose Clinical diagnosis Wu et al. [110]
rGO/Au and Pt alloy NPs Electrochemical 5 µm 48 µA/mM cm2 50 mV/s–150 mV/s Glucose Medical Textile Industry Xuan et al. [111]
GO Optical Fiber - 0,24 nm/mM = 1,33 nm/(mg/ml) - Glucose Bioengineering applications Jiang et al. [112]
rGO/Ni NPs/Gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) Electrochemical 0.005 µM = 5 nm 0.056 mAmM−1 0.15 µM-10 mM Glucose Clinical and nonclinical applications Darvishi et al. [113]
Chemically rGO Electrochemical
Amperometric
5. 10−8 M 0,0040 AM−1 1.5 × 10−7–3.0 × 10−6 M H2O2 Medical applications Nieto et al. [114]
GO/Ag/Au NPs Electrochemical 0,001 µg/ml 0.084 µA m/cm2 µg/ml 0.01 − 5000 μg/mL Cholesterol Clinical diagnosis Huang et al. [115]
Graphene/Poly Diphenylamine (PDPA)/Phosphotungstic acid (PTA) Electrochemical
Amperometric
0.1 μM 1.085 μA/μM cm2 1–13 μM Urease Electrocatalytic applications Muthusankar et al. [116]
Graphene/MoS2/TiO2/SiO2 layers Surface plasmon resonance - 82.83 Deg-RIU−1 - Formalin Food safety Hossain et al. [117]
N-Doped Graphene/Polyaniline (PANI)/DNA-Functionalized CNTs Electrochemical 14 nM 0.02-1 μM DA Molecular diagnosis Keteklahijani et al. [118]
Monolayer graphene/Au NPs Electrochemical 0.1 nM 0.0005–5000 μM Glucose Diabetes Yuan et al. [119]
NiO-N-doped carbon/rGO microspheres Electrochemical 70.9 nM 4254μAmM−1 cm−2 0.5 μM − 20.0 μM Glucose Food analysis and clinical diagnosis Zhang et al. [34, 35]
Ionic liquid-functionalized graphene/CNTs Electrochemical 3.99 × 10−7 mol/L 53.89 μA mmol/L−1 cm−2 0.004–5 mmol/L Glucose Diabetes Zou et al. [120]
GO nanofibers/Cu nanoflower-decorated Au NPs Electrochemical 0.018 μM 0.001–0.1 mM Glucose Clinical applications Baek et al. [121]
GO/NiO Films/Au NPs Electrochemical 7.64 µM 57.16 mV/decade 0.01 mM–100 mM Urease Clinical and nonclinical applications Nien et al. [122]
Thermally rGO Electrochemical
Amperometric
0.02 mM 2.3 ± 0.1 µA cm−2 mM−1 0.2–12.0 mM Urease Medical Technologies Razumiene et al. [123]
GNPs/graphitized nanodiamond Electrochemical 0.005 mg/mL 806.3 μA(mg mL−1)−1 cm−2) 0.1–0.9 mg/mL Urease Food analysis Kumar et al. [124]