Skip to main content

Table 2 Pathogen detection methods and properties of FNMs

From: Advances and Challenges of Fluorescent Nanomaterials for Synthesis and Biomedical Applications

Type of FNMs Analytes Mechanism Detection limit Ref
QDs Escherichia coli Antibody-conjugated 10−3 cfu/ml [117]
Salmonella typhimurium Antibody-conjugated 10−3 cfu/ml [117]
Shigella flexneri Antibody-conjugated 10−3 cfu/ml [117]
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Protein labeling 35–50 pfu/ml [118]
Bacillus thuringiensis Spores Analyte-conjugated 1,000 cfu/ml [120]
Cryptosporidium parvum Antibody-conjugated N.A [121]
Giardia lamblia Antibody-conjugated N.A [121]
V. parahaemolyticus Chromatophores labeling 7 cfu/ml [122]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa FRET 100 cfu/ml [123]
Silica NPs Mycobacterium tuberculosis Antibody-conjugated 3.5 × 103 cells/ml [119]
AUNPs Shigella spp. probe-modified 103 cells/ml [124]
AgNCs Escherichia coli DNA-modified 60 cfu/ml [125]
MNPs Shigella spp. DNA-modified 103 cells/ml [124]
UCNPs E. coli ATCC 8739 FERT 3 cfu/ml [126]