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Table 1 Binding energies of Cu 2p spectrum for Cu-doped PANI porous films

From: Enhancement of Electrochromic Properties of Polyaniline Induced by Copper Ions

  Cu 2p3/2 Cu 2p1/2
Cu2+ Cuδ+ Cu2+ Cuδ+
PANI-0.5 935.36 eV 933.39 eV 955.16 eV 953.21 eV
PANI-1 934.89 eV 933.27 eV 954.89 eV 953.17 eV
PANI-2 934.82 eV 933.01 eV 954.72 eV 952.81 eV
PANI-3 935.13 eV 933.27 eV 955.03 eV 953.16 eV