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  1. Conventional agriculture solely depends upon highly chemical compounds that have negatively ill-affected the health of every living being and the entire ecosystem. Thus, the smart delivery of desired component...

    Authors: Antul Kumar, Anuj Choudhary, Harmanjot Kaur, Sahil Mehta and Azamal Husen

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:156

    Content type: Nano Review

    Published on:

  2. Hydrophilic polyethylene glycol monomethyl ether (mPEG) was grafted onto Icariin (ICA) by succinic anhydride to form a polyethylene glycol-Icariin (mPEG-ICA) polymer. The structure of the polymer was character...

    Authors: Lin Zhou, Zhi Huang, Shanyi Yang, Jiarui Wei, Yan Xu, Lin Hu, Xinrong Guo, Limin Yuan, Zexuan Yuan, Xiaoping Yang, Xiaojun Tao and Qiufang Zhang

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:155

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  3. At bio-safe concentrations, black phosphorus nanoparticles activated TG2, and promote the expression of ECM, which further promoted osteogenic differentiation of EMSCs. From these results, we can conclude that...

    Authors: Naiyan Lu, Xinhe Wang, Wentao Shi, Lu Bian, Xuan Zhang, Guofeng Yang, Xue Tang, Jun Wang, Yin Zou and Yuyan Weng

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:154

    Content type: Nano Express

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  4. We report results of comprehensive experimental exploration (X-ray photoemission, Raman and optical spectroscopy) of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) in combination with first-principles modeling. Core-level spectra d...

    Authors: D. W. Boukhvalov, I. S. Zhidkov, A. Kiryakov, J. L. Menéndez, L. Fernández-García, A. I. Kukharenko, S. O. Cholakh, A. F. Zatsepin and E. Z. Kurmaev

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:153

    Content type: Nano Express

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  5. Displays composed of micro-light-emitting diodes (micro-LEDs) are regarded as promising next-generation self-luminous screens and have advantages such as high contrast, high brightness, and high color purity. ...

    Authors: Zhi-Ting Ye, Wen-Tsung Ho and Chia-Hui Chen

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:152

    Content type: Nano Express

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  6. The electron multipliers gain is closely related to the secondary electron emission coefficient (SEE) of the emission layer materials. The SEE is closely related to the thickness of the emission layer. If the ...

    Authors: Yuman Wang, Baojun Yan, Kaile Wen, Shulin Liu, Ming Qi, Binting Zhang, Jianyu Gu and Wenjing Yao

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:151

    Content type: Nano Express

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  7. In photonics, it is essential to achieve high-quality (Q)-factor resonances to improve optical devices’ performances. Herein, we demonstrate that high-Q-factor dual-band Fano resonances can be achieved by usin...

    Authors: Qing Mi, Tian Sang, Yao Pei, Chaoyu Yang, Shi Li, Yueke Wang and Bin Ma

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:150

    Content type: Nano Express

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  8. A finite-difference time-domain method is developed for studying the plasmon enhancement of light absorption from vertically aligned GaAs nanowire arrays decorated with Au nanoparticles. Vertically aligned GaA...

    Authors: E. A. Dawi, A. A. Karar, E. Mustafa and O. Nur

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:149

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  9. The development of resistance against antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections along with the prevalence of medication residues presents significant public health problems globally. Antibiotic-resistant ...

    Authors: Mohsin Ali, Muhammad Ijaz, Muhammad Ikram, Anwar Ul-Hamid, Muhammad Avais and Aftab Ahmad Anjum

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:148

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  10. Due to their excellent mechanical properties and good biocompatibility, titanium alloys have become a popular research topic in the field of medical metal implants. However, the surface of the titanium alloy d...

    Authors: Lai-jie Wang, Xiao-hui Ni, Fei Zhang, Zhi Peng, Fu-xun Yu, Lei-bing Zhang, Bo Li, Yang Jiao, Yan-kun Li, Bing Yang, Xing-yuan Zhu and Quan-ming Zhao

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:146

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  11. In this study, we demonstrated large-area high-quality multi-color emission from the 12-fold symmetric GaN photonic quasicrystal nanorod device which was fabricated using the nanoimprint lithography technology...

    Authors: Cheng-Chang Chen, Hsiang-Ting Lin, Shih-Pang Chang, Hao-Chung Kuo, Hsiao-Wen Hung, Kuo-Hsiang Chien, Yu-Choung Chang and M. H. Shih

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:145

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  12. Brucellosis is considered as the most common bacterial zoonosis in the world. Although the laboratory findings are the most reliable diagnosis today, the current laboratory methods have many limitations. This ...

    Authors: Sina Vakili, Mohammad Samare-Najaf, Amirreza Dehghanian, Amir Tajbakhsh, Hassan Askari, Reza Tabrizi, Mahdiyar Iravani Saadi, Ahmad Movahedpour, Marzieh Alizadeh, Ali Samareh, Saeed Taghizadeh and Saam Noroozi

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:144

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  13. In this work, we explore how U2OS cells are affected by arrays of polymer nanopillars fabricated on flat glass surfaces. We focus on describing changes to the organisation of the actin cytoskeleton and in the ...

    Authors: Jakob B. Vinje, Noemi Antonella Guadagno, Cinzia Progida and Pawel Sikorski

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:143

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  14. In this paper, the effect of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on the static characteristics of high voltage 4H-SiC PiN is investigated. No significant change is observed in the forward on state characteristic of 4...

    Authors: Xingliang Xu, Lin Zhang, Peng Dong, Zhiqiang Li, Lianghui Li, Juntao Li and Jian Zhang

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:141

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  15. The application of cells as carriers to encapsulate chemotherapy drugs is of great significance in antitumor therapy. The advantages of reducing systemic toxicity, enhancing targeting and enhancing the penetra...

    Authors: Ying Du, Shujun Wang, Meilin Zhang, Baoan Chen and Yanfei Shen

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:139

    Content type: Nano Review

    Published on:

  16. The demand for green and efficient energy storage devices in daily life is constantly rising, which is caused by the global environment and energy problems. Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), an important kind of e...

    Authors: Linfeng Lv, Mengdi Peng, Leixin Wu, Yixiao Dong, Gongchuan You, Yixue Duan, Wei Yang, Liang He and Xiaoyu Liu

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:138

    Content type: Nano Review

    Published on:

  17. Previous decades have witnessed a lot of challenges that have provoked a dire need of ensuring global food security. The process of augmenting food production has made the agricultural ecosystems to face a lot...

    Authors: Pankaj Sharma, Vimal Pandey, Mayur Mukut Murlidhar Sharma, Anupam Patra, Baljinder Singh, Sahil Mehta and Azamal Husen

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:136

    Content type: Nano Review

    Published on:

  18. In this paper, we have reported a multifunctional device from graphene/TiO2/p-Si heterojunction, followed by its systematical analysis of optical response in a device under ultraviolet–visible-infrared band and t...

    Authors: Miaoqing Wei, Dainan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Lichuan Jin and Huaiwu Zhang

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:134

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  19. Highly efficient photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation under solar visible light is crucial for water splitting to produce hydrogen as a source of sustainable energy. Particularly, silver-based nanomateri...

    Authors: Elfatih Mustafa, Rania E. Adam, Polla Rouf, Magnus Willander and Omer Nur

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:133

    Content type: Nano Express

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  20. Most Alzheimer’s disease drugs do not work efficiently because of the blood–brain barrier. Therefore, we designed a new nanopreparation (PS-DZP-CHP): cholesterol-modified pullulan (CHP) nanoparticle with polys...

    Authors: Xiaojun Tao, Siyu Mao, Qiufang Zhang, Hongyuan Yu, Yu Li, Xiangling He, Shanyi Yang, Zhirong Zhang, Ziqi Yi, Yujiao Song and Xing Feng

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:132

    Content type: Nano Express

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  21. X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been widely used in clinical practice, and contrast agents such as Iohexol are often used to enhance the contrast of CT imaging between normal and diseased tissue. However, s...

    Authors: Jun Xie, Zonglang Zhou, Sihan Ma, Xian Luo, Jiajing Liu, Shengyu Wang, Yuqiang Chen, Jianghua Yan and Fanghong Luo

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:131

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  22. Water electrolysis is a sustainable and clean method to produce hydrogen fuel via hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Using stable, effective and low-cost electrocatalysts for HER to substitute expensive noble ...

    Authors: Jinbo Hao, Feng Wei, Xinhui Zhang, Long Li, Chunling Zhang, Dan Liang, Xiaoguang Ma and Pengfei Lu

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:130

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  23. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are used in a wide range of applications including industry, commercial products and medicine field. Numerous mechanistic studies for ZnO NPs’ toxicity were performed on pris...

    Authors: Juan Wang, Lei Wang, Wenting Zhao, Na Yu, Meiling Cheng, Mingqin Su, Jian Hu, Xiaoyan Wu, Hua Du and Meimei Wang

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:129

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  24. Threshold switching in chalcogenides has attracted considerable attention because of their potential application to high-density and three-dimensional stackable cross-point array structures. However, despite t...

    Authors: Jaeyeon Kim, Jimin Lee, Minkyu Kang and Hyunchul Sohn

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:128

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  25. An accurate sensor to rapidly determine the glucose concentration is of significant importance for the human body health, as diabetes has become a very high incidence around the world. In this work, copper nan...

    Authors: Zewen Qu, Shi Li, Wenshuai Feng, Shuting Kan, Xiaohui Gao, Aimin Guo, Hongjian Li, Lianwen Deng, Shengxiang Huang, Yan Zhao and Wei Chen

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:127

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  26. A MBE-prepared Gallium (Ga)-droplet surface on GaAs (001) substrate is in situ irradiated by a single shot of UV pulsed laser. It demonstrates that laser shooting can facilely re-adjust the size of Ga-droplet ...

    Authors: Biao Geng, Zhenwu Shi, Chen Chen, Wei Zhang, Linyun Yang, Changwei Deng, Xinning Yang, Lili Miao and Changsi Peng

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:126

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  27. High-mobility Ge nMOSFETs with ZrO2 gate dielectric are demonstrated and compared against transistors with different interfacial properties of ozone (O3) treatment, O3 post-treatment and without O3 treatment. It ...

    Authors: Lulu Chou, Yan Liu, Yang Xu, Yue Peng, Huan Liu, Xiao Yu, Genquan Han and Yue Hao

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:125

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  28. At present, various fluorescent nanomaterials have been designed and synthesized as optical contrast agents for surgical navigation. However, there have been no reports on the preparation of fluorescent contra...

    Authors: Xin Huang, Qian Chen, Xin Li, Chenyu Lin, Kun Wang, Cici Luo, Wenjun Le, Xiaodong Pi, Zhongmin Liu and Bingdi Chen

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:124

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  29. Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) show promising potential for next-generation optoelectronics due to excellent light capturing and photodetection capabilities. Photodetectors, as important com...

    Authors: Caihong Li, Juntong Zhu, Wen Du, Yixuan Huang, Hao Xu, Zhengang Zhai and Guifu Zou

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:123

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  30. Harvesting abundant mechanical energy has been considered one of the promising technologies for developing autonomous self-powered active sensors, power units, and Internet-of-Things devices. Among various ene...

    Authors: Yerzhan Nurmakanov, Gulnur Kalimuldina, Galymzhan Nauryzbayev, Desmond Adair and Zhumabay Bakenov

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:122

    Content type: Nano Review

    Published on:

  31. Carbon dots (CDs) have been widely used as antimicrobials due to their active surface, but some CDs suffer instability. Therefore, the relative applications such as the antibacterial activity may not be reliab...

    Authors: Pengfei Zhuang, Kuo Li, Daoyong Li, Haixia Qiao, Yifeng E, Mingqun Wang, Jiachen Sun, Xifan Mei and Dan Li

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:121

    Content type: Nano Express

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  32. Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has become the second most diagnosed malignant tumors worldwide. As our long-term interests in seeking nanomaterials to develop strategies of cancer therapies, we herein cons...

    Authors: Jingfeng Liu, Xiaoying Shi, Rongjun Zhang, Miaomiao Zhang, Juan He, Jian Chen, Zheng Wang and Qingwen Wang

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:120

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  33. Nitrogen (N) and carbon nitride (C3N4)-doped TiO2 nanostructures were prepared using co-precipitation route. Fixed amount of N and various concentrations (0.1, 0.2, 0.3 wt%) of C3N4 were doped in TiO2 lattice. Th...

    Authors: Atif Ashfaq, Muhammad Ikram, Ali Haider, Anwar Ul-Hamid, Iram Shahzadi and Junaid Haider

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:119

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  34. In this work, we used a sequential method of synthesis for gold–silver bimetallic nanoparticles with core@shell structure (Au@AgNPs). Rumex hymenosepalus root extract (Rh), which presents high content in catechin...

    Authors: Jesús Mauro Adolfo Villalobos-Noriega, Ericka Rodríguez-León, César Rodríguez-Beas, Eduardo Larios-Rodríguez, Maribel Plascencia-Jatomea, Aarón Martínez-Higuera, Heriberto Acuña-Campa, Alfonso García-Galaz, Roberto Mora-Monroy, Francisco Javier Alvarez-Cirerol, Blanca Esthela Rodríguez-Vázquez, Roberto Carlos Carillo-Torres and Ramón A. Iñiguez-Palomares

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:118

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  35. Electrospinning is a common and versatile process to produce nanofibers and deposit them on a collector as a two-dimensional nanofiber mat or a three-dimensional (3D) macroscopic arrangement. However, 3D elect...

    Authors: Jin Yeong Song, Hyun Il Ryu, Jeong Myeong Lee, Seong Hwan Bae, Jae Woo Lee, Changryul Claud Yi and Sang Min Park

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:116

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  36. Piezoelectric nanogenerators (PNGs) have been studied as renewable energy sources. PNGs consisting of organic piezoelectric materials such as poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) containing oxide complex powder ha...

    Authors: Sangmo Kim, Thi My Huyen Nguyen, Rui He and Chung Wung Bark

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:115

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  37. As one of the most promising embedded non-volatile storage solutions for advanced CMOS modules, resistive random access memory’s (RRAM) applications depend highly on its cyclability. Through detailed analysis,...

    Authors: Yun-Feng Kao, Jiaw-Ren Shih, Chrong Jung Lin and Ya-Chin King

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:114

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  38. This work proposed a modified plasma induced charging (PID) detector to widen the detection range, for monitoring the possible plasma damage across a wafer during advanced CMOS BEOL processes. New antenna desi...

    Authors: Yi-Jie Chao, Kai-Wei Yang, Chi Su, Chrong-Jung Lin and Ya-Chin King

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:112

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  39. Myocarditis is a disease characterized by localized or diffuse inflammation of the myocardium without efficient treatment. This study explored the regulatory mechanism of microRNA-133 (miR-133) secreted from b...

    Authors: Qiming Li, Yunpeng Jin, Xiaoqi Ye, Wei Wang, Gang Deng and Xiaojian Zhang

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:111

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  40. Ag50Cu50 films were deposited on glass substrates by a sputtering system. Effects of accumulated energy on nanoparticle formation in pulse-laser dewetting of AgCu films were investigated. The results showed that ...

    Authors: H. K. Lin, C. W. Huang, Y. H. Lin, W. S. Chuang and J. C. Huang

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:110

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  41. In this paper, a terahertz (THz) biosensor based on all-metal metamaterial is theoretically investigated and experimentally verified. This THz metamaterial biosensor uses stainless steel materials that are man...

    Authors: Gangqi Wang, Fengjie Zhu, Tingting Lang, Jianjun Liu, Zhi Hong and Jianyuan Qin

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:109

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

  42. Hyperthermia is one of the most patient-friendly methods to cure cancer diseases owing to its noninvasiveness, minimally induced side-effects and toxicity, and easy implementation, prompting the development of...

    Authors: Po-Sheng Hu, Hsiu-Jen Chou, Chi-An Chen, Po-Yi Wu, Kai-Hsien Hsiao and Yu-Min Kuo

    Citation: Nanoscale Research Letters 2021 16:108

    Content type: Nano Express

    Published on:

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