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Table 2 Thermophysical properties of nanofluids

From: Scaling analysis for the investigation of slip mechanisms in nanofluids

Properties Correlations Nanofluids Ref
Density ρnf = ϕρp + (1 - ϕ)ρbf   -
Specific heat (ρCnf) = ϕ(ρCp)p + (1 - ϕ) (ρCp)bf   [21]
Dynamic viscosity μnf = μbf (T) (1 + 2.5ϕ) Water/Cu, gold, CNT, grapheme [22]
  μnf = μbf (T) (1 + 39.11ϕ + 533.9ϕ2) Water/alumina [11]
  μnf = μbf (T) (1 + 5.45ϕ + 108.2ϕ2) Water/titania [11]
  μnf = μbf (T) (1 + 56.5ϕ) Water/silica [23]
  μnf = μbf (T) (1 + 11ϕ) EG/Cu, gold, CNT, grapheme [24]
  μnf = μbf (T) (1 - 0.19ϕ + 3.6ϕ2) EG/alumina [25]
  μnf = μbf (T) (1 + 10.6ϕ + 112.36ϕ2) EG/titania [26]
  EG/silica [27]
Thermal conductivity knf - kbf = kbf (0.764ϕ + 0.0186T - 0.46215) Water/alumina, EG/alumina [17]
  knf = kbf (1 + 2.92ϕ - 11.99ϕ2) Water/titania, EG/titania [11]
  Other nanofluids Maxwell's model