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Table 4 Application of nanotube as artificial implants

From: Carbon nanotubes: properties, synthesis, purification, and medical applications

CNT type Natural or synthetic materials type Cell or tissue type Properties Reference(s)
Porous SWCNT Polycarbonate membrane Osteoblast-like cells Increase lamellipodia (cytoskeletal) extensions, and lamellipodia extensions [71]
SWCNT-incorporated Chitosan scaffolds C2Cl2 cells /C2 myogenic cell line Cell growth improvement [72]
MWCNT Collagen sponge honeycomb scaffold MC3T3-E1 cells, a mouse osteoblast-like cell line Increase cellular adhesion and proliferation [73]
MWCNT Polyurethane Fibroblast cells Enhance interactions between the cells and the polyurethane surface [74]
SWCNT Alginate Rat heart endothelial cell Enhance cellular adhesion and proliferation [75]
MWCNT Poly(acrylic acid) Human embryonic stem cells Increase cellular differentiation toward neurons [76]
SWCNT Propylene fumarate Rabbit tibia Support cell attachment and proliferation [77]