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Table 1 Summary of the studies deducing synergy of nanoparticles and antibiotic as antimicrobial and anti-biofilm agent

From: Nanoparticles as Efflux Pump and Biofilm Inhibitor to Rejuvenate Bactericidal Effect of Conventional Antibiotics

Reference Type of nanoparticle Antibiotic Species Report year
Gram-positive Gram-negative
52 Ag nanoparticle Ampicillin, chloramphenicol, kanamycin Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli 2012
24 Ag nanoparticle Gentamicin, ampicillin, ofloxacin, vancomycin Escherichia coli 2013
10 Ag nanoparticle Ampicillin, vancomycin Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella flexneri 2014
11 Cu nanoparticle Ciprofloxacin Staphylococcus aureus Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2015
51 Ag nanoparticle Amikacin, kanamycin, oxytetracycline, streptomycin Staphylococcus aureus Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli 2016
9 Cu nanoparticle, ZnO nanoparticle Ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, gentamicin Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, Klebsiella pneumoniae 2016