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Table 1 List of antibacterial properties that have been exhibited by some metal nanoparticles and metal nanoparticle conjugates

From: Magnetic Functionalized Nanoparticles for Biomedical, Drug Delivery and Imaging Applications

Type of nanoparticle Size (nm) Antimicrobial application Mechanism of action Ref
Silver as part of network of fibers 20–120 E. coli Bacterial growth inhibition [102]
Silver vanadate nanowires 1–20 S. aureus Bacterial growth inhibition [105]
Naked silver 10–25 C. albicans, P. fluorescens, E. coli Bacterial growth inhibition [106]
Thioguanine-capped gold 3–4 E. coli, A. fumigatus, P. aeruginosa, and anticancer effect against Hep2 Bacterial growth inhibition, cellular toxicity [107]
Naked gold 25 C. pseudotuberculosis Vacuole formation in cell wall and agglomeration of NPs within cells [108]
Naked gold 6–40 S. aureus, K. pneumonia, B. subtilis Bacterial growth inhibition [109]